The city of Štip is the seat of Štip Municipality. Štip (Macedonian: Штип) is a municipality in eastern Macedonia. Štip is also the name of the town where the municipal seat is found. This municipality is part of the Eastern Statistical Region.
Štip (Macedonian: Штип) is the largest urban agglomeration in the eastern part of Macedonia, serving as the economic, industrial, entertainment and educational focal point for the surrounding municipalities.
The city of Štip had a population of about 45,000.
Štip is the largest textile production center in the country; Center of the fashion industry in Macedonia, as well as the location of the sole public university in eastern Macedonia, Goce Delčev University of Štip. The city is located at the intersection of the Lakavica, Ovče Pole, and Kočani valleys. Two rivers pass through Štip, the Bregalnica which is the second largest in Macedonia, and the Otinja which divides the city center.
The hill Isar, with its early medieval fortress on top, dominates the city and provides for the common reference as The city under the Isar.
The train station located in the northern suburb "Zheleznichka" provides links to Kočani in the east, and Veles and Skopje to the west. By sport airplane: Štip is served by the largest sport airport in Eastern Macedonia, accommodating single and twin-engine aircraft. The third international airport in Macedonia, to be built in Štip, is still in the initial stages (the first phase is planned to be for cargo only). Skopje International Airport is 65 km from Štip.
Štip is a very pleasant city that gets fewer tourists than the west, which makes the people nicer and more willing to help than the people in the western part of the country. The geographical area of the city of Štip is bordered by the mountain Plačkovica east, by the Krivolak valley south-east,
the estuary of the river Bregalnica in the south-west, and by its alluvial plain in the north. The history of Štip goes back a few thousand years, evidenced by archaeological findings. Perhaps the best intact archaeological site in its vicinity is Bargala, listed below in this guide.
Štip was an important city in Ottoman Macedonia: Turkish traveller Evliya Çelebi noted in 1661 that Štip had 2,240 homes, 24 Islamic religious buildings, seven hans (Turkish baths), one caravansary (inn), and a bazaar with 450 shops. The city was briefly under Austro-Hungarian rule from 1689 to 1691.
Štip once had a relatively significant Jewish community. Following the Spanish Inquisition at the beginning of the 16th century, a number of Sephardic Jews settled in the city, with roughly 200 living here by 1519. On 11 March 1943, Štip's 551 Jews were deported to Treblinka by the occupying Bulgarian fascists where virtually all of them were killed. The city's Jewish quarter, including its synagogue and Jewish school, were destroyed.
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